Oil and Gas Pipelines and Piping Systems


Oil and Gas Pipelines and Piping Systems


Oil and Gas Pipelines and Piping Systems
Oil and Gas Pipelines and Piping Systems

    Oil and Gas Pipelines and Piping Systems: Design, Construction, Management, and Inspection delivers all the critical aspects needed for oil and gas piping and pipeline condition monitoring and maintenance, along with tactics to minimize costly disruptions within operations. Broken up into two logical parts, the book begins with coverage on pipelines, including essential topics, such as material selection, designing for oil and gas central facilities, tank farms and depots, the construction and installment of transportation pipelines, pipe cleaning, and maintenance checklists. Moving over to piping, information covers piping material selection and designing and construction of plant piping systems, with attention paid to flexibility analysis on piping stress, a must-have component for both refineries with piping and pipeline systems. Heavily illustrated and practical for engineers and managers in oil and gas today, the book supplies the oil and gas industry with a must-have reference for safe and effective pipeline and piping operations.

Gas Pipeline Hydraulics


Table Of Contents

Chapter 1. Transportation Pipelines


1.1 Fluid Categories

1.2 Design

1.3 Mechanical Design

1.4 Pipeline Wall Thickness Calculating Basis

1.5 Materials

1.6 Pipeline Route Selection

1.7 Pipeline Protection and Marking

1.8 Crossings

1.9 Records


Chapter 2. Construction Guidelines for Onshore Transportation Pipelines Applications


2.1 Material Handling

2.2 Right-of-Way

2.3 Ditching

2.4 Supply, Storing, Handling, and Use of Explosive Materials

2.5 Stringing

2.6 Preparation of Pipes

2.7 Change of Direction

2.8 Welding and Laying of Pipe

2.9 Backfilling

2.10 Crossings

2.11 Casing Installations

2.12 Prefabricated Assemblies

2.13 Cleanup Operation

2.14 Records and As-Built Survey

2.15 Above-Ground Pipelines

Chapter 3. Welding of Transportation Pipeline


3.1 Introduction

3.2 Materials

3.3 Qualification of Welding Procedures for Welds Containing Filler Metal Additives

3.4 Essential Variables

3.5 Testing of Welded Joints—Butt Welds

3.6 Testing of Welded Joints—Fillet Welds

3.7 Qualification of Welders

3.8 Production Welding

3.9 Inspection and Testing of Production Welds

3.10 Extent of Inspection and Testing

3.11 Acceptance Standards for Nondestructive Testing

3.12 Repair and Removal of Defects

3.13 Procedures for Nondestructive Testing

3.14 Automatic Welding Without Filler Metal Additions


Chapter 4. Transportation Pipelines Pressure Testing


4.1 Introduction

4.2 Materials, Equipment, and Personnel for Testing

4.3 Testing Procedure and Program

4.4 Test Preparation

4.5 Cleaning and Gaging Operations

4.6 Testing Operations

4.7 Defects, Repair or Renewals, and Retesting

4.8 Final Testing

4.9 Testing of Unchecked Joints, Fabricated Assemblies, and Valves

4.10 Dewatering and Drying

4.11 Recording Test Data and Reporting Test Results

4.12 Safety Consideration During Tests

4.13 Hydrostatic Testing of Above-Ground Pipelines

Chapter 5. Inside Pipe Chemical Cleaning


5.1 Introduction

5.2 Cleaning Procedure

5.3 Inspection

5.4 Documentation Requirements

5.5 Testing of Pickling Baths

Chapter 6. Pipe Supports


6.1 Introduction

6.2 Structural Attachments

6.3 Supports for Insulated Pipes and Attachments

6.4 Elevated Pipe Supports (H Supports)

6.5 Fabrication and Installation of Pipe Supports

6.6 Metallic Coatings

6.7 Nonmetallic Coating

6.8 Testing of Pipe Hanger and Support Component

6.9 Hanger Installation

Chapter 7. Gaging, Cleaning, and Removing Liquids From Pipelines


7.1 Introduction

7.2 Basic Design, Construction, and Rating

7.3 PIG Trap System Component

7.4 Inspection During Manufacturing

7.5 Tests and Certificates

7.6 Finish

7.7 Information for Manufacturer/Supplier

7.8 Documentation Literature to Be Submitted by Manufacturer/Supplier (Informative)

Appendix A: Major Physical Properties

Appendix B: Ambient Conditions

Appendix C: Pig Launching Trap

Appendix D: Pig Receiving Trap

Chapter 8. General Requirements for the Purchase of Pipes for Use in Oil and Gas Industries


8.1 Introduction

8.2 Quality Assurance System

8.3 Compliance

8.4 Conflicting Requirements

8.5 Information to Be Supplied by the Purchaser

8.6 Process of Manufacture and Material

8.7 Material Requirements

8.8 Dimensions, Weights, Lengths, Defects, and End Finishes

8.9 Inspection and Testing

8.10 Coating and Protection

8.11 Manufacturing Procedure and Welding Procedure

8.12 First-Day Production Tests

8.13 Repair of Defects by Welding (Normative)

8.14 Repair Welding Procedure (Normative)

8.15 Supplementary Requirements (Normative)

8.16 Purchaser Inspection (Normative)

8.17 Hydrogen-Induced Cracking Sensitivity Tests (Applicable to Sour Services Only)

8.18 Sulfide Stress Cracking Tests (Applicable to Sour Services Only)

Chapter 9. Piping Material Selection


9.1 Introduction

9.2 Identification of Piping Classes

9.3 Selection of Piping Classes

9.4 General Bases Observed in Preparation of Piping Class Tables

9.5 Design Considerations

9.6 Selection of Basic Material

9.7 Service Index (See Note 1 of this Table)

9.8 Temperature and Caustic Soda Concentration Ranges for Metallic Pipe, Fittings, and Valves

9.9 General Requirements for Carbon Steel Piping in Caustic Soda Service

9.10 General Requirements for Carbon Steel Piping in Sulfuric Acid Service

9.11 General Requirements for Carbon Steel Piping in Dry Chlorine Service

9.12 General Requirements for Piping in Hydrogen Fluoride Service

9.13 General Requirements for Rubber Linings for Process Equipment and Piping

9.14 Qualification Testing

9.15 Acceptance Tests and Certification

9.16 Transport and Storage

9.17 General Requirements for Cement Lining of New Pipelines

9.18 Quality Control

9.19 Tests and Inspection Criteria

9.20 Fabrication Report

9.21 Requirements for Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Epoxy Pipes and Fittings

9.22 Pipe Flanges Pressure Temperature Rating

9.23 Extended Service Limits for Piping Classes at Elevated Temperature

9.24 Vent, Drain, and Pressure Instruments Connections Assemblies

Chapter 10. Plant Piping Systems


10.1 Introduction

10.2 Fabrication

10.3 Dimensional Tolerances

10.4 Pipe Joints

10.5 Welding

10.6 Screwed Piping (Threaded Joints)

10.7 Flanged Joints

10.8 Bending and Forming

10.9 Field Installation

10.10 Installation of Flanges

10.11 Installation of Valves

10.12 Installation of Instrument and Related Piping

10.13 Vents and Drains

10.14 Pump, Compressor, and Steam Turbine Piping

10.15 Piping Through Walls and Concrete Floors

10.16 Buried Piping

10.17 Winterizing and Steam Tracing

10.18 Inspection and Testing

Chapter 11. Welding of Plant Piping Systems


11.1 Introduction

11.2 Qualification of Welding Procedure and Welder Performance and Test Records

11.3 Production Welding

11.4 Inspection of Production Weld

11.5 Weld Defects and Acceptance Criteria

11.6 Weld Repair

11.7 Pre- and Postweld Heat Treatment

Chapter 12. Plant Piping Systems Pressure Testing


12.1 Introduction

12.2 Hydrostatic Pressure Testing

12.3 Pneumatic Pressure Testing

12.4 Documentation Requirements

Chapter 13. Engineering Aspects for Plant Piping Systems



Design Requirements

Above-Ground Piping Systems

Underground Piping Systems

Appendix A

Chapter 14. Strainers and Filters


14.1 Introduction

14.2 Strainer and Filter Design, Fabrication, and Assembly

14.3 Material and Dimensions

14.4 Types of Strainers

14.5 Inspection

14.6 Tests

14.7 Painting and Protection

14.8 Identification and Marking

14.9 Packing and Shipment

Chapter 15. Corrosion in Pipelines and Piping Systems


15.1 Introduction

15.2 Corrosive Environments

15.3 The Materials of Engineering

15.4 Corrosion Prevention Measures

15.5 Material Selection Procedure

15.6 CR and CAs

15.7 Materials Appreciation and Optimization

15.8 Corrosion in Oil and Gas products

15.9 Special Consideration in Refineries and Petrochemical Plants

15.10 Engineering Materials 

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